Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome - (PCOS)
Dr Rina Agrawal is an expert in the field of PCOS. Approximately 10 to 15% women of childbearing age have PCOS which is one of the most common causes of female infertility. PCOS may adversely affect a woman's menstrual cycle, ability to have children, body weight, cosmetic appearance, long term health and quality of life. However, not all women with PCOS have the same symptoms but some of them are
- Infrequent menstrual periods, no menstrual periods, and/or irregular bleeding
- Infertility (inability to get pregnant)
- Increased hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs, or toes.
- Ovarian cysts
- Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
- Weight gain or obesity, usually carrying extra weight around the waist
- Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes
- High cholesterol and high blood pressure
- Male-pattern baldness or thinning hair
- Patches of thickened and dark brown or black skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs
- Pelvic pain
- Anxiety or depression due to infertility and/or cosmetic appearance
There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. Diagnosis is based on your symptoms and would involve taking a medical history, performing a physical examination, an ultrasound examination of your ovaries and blood tests.
Treatment is based on your symptoms, whether or not you wish to become pregnant and whether you wish to seek advice regarding long term health problems such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Most women require a combination of treatment modalities to achieve these goals.